Recently Britain has been struck by torrential floods, making places like Sheffield, Leeds and York inaccessible by car.
Hillsborough Stadium, home of Sheffield Wednesday (The Owls) has been brutally flooded, leaving the first two rows underwater. Also many homes, fast food joints and anything else on ground level have been filled with murky water.
Flooding occurs with the growing problem of global warming. This is caused by the greenhouse effect, a natural phenomenon that starts with the sunlight hitting the earth. Some of the heat reflects back into space however the rest is absorbed by greenhouse gases. These are atmospheric gases such as carbon dioxide and methane. Greenhouse gases are also made by electrical overuse and the burning process of fossil fuel. The gases and atmosphere use these exactly like we use insulation – keeping it warm enough to sustain life. This is warming up the polar ice caps causing a huge rise in the water level around the ice caps. Over the last twenty years the polar ice caps have melted away by 20% (since 1996). With the water level rising floods have become more frequent.
As well as natural creations being destroyed, manmade wonders are in pieces too. The Jorvik Viking Centre in York has had a huge flood, covering the floor in murky, brown water cutting vital light and mobility to exits and entrances. This was most likely caused by the site being built underground. This would infer that there was a stairway, elevator or escalator that would be to get water rushing into the main site. This would make it difficult to get water out of the site and back up to the surface. Another example of what has been affected by flooding is York Theatre. The stage and first two rows were completely flooded and the wall under the vent soaked. The determined cast managed to pull off a play of the 1970’s movie ‘Disaster!’ in the most disastrous of conditions. My fellow reporter and I came to a conclusion that we thought the reason the theatre flooded was because of the decorative holes used for ventilation. We thought this as the holes are four centimetres away from the floor and since it was flooded outside the vents would fill. This also would explain the wet walls under the vents. In some areas to escort water from places they built floodplains.
What Is a Floodplain?
A floodplain is a manmade dam used to rid water out of cities to rivers. They are constructed using dirt and are basically made using a shovel and having all the dirt dug and moved.
Recently the Environment Agency flood risk manager Adrian Gill has made promises to give villages and towns across Yorkshire the correct defence mechanisms against the floods.
Flooding is a deadly event that can cause serious financial loss to the towns and villages that lose money to repay the damage caused to houses and buildings alike. Also many citizens are left unemployed as hundreds of work places are flooded and unable to access. Many businesses’ are left out business as a result of the flood
In conclusion I think the floods have been a nationwide catastrophe leaving people homeless and unemployed and due to global warming this problem is only likely to get worse.
Written by Harrison and Daniel, BBC School Reporters
Howden School Derwent Road Howden DN14 7AL
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